Essential fatty acid
Daily brand fish oil (Omega 3 fatty acid)
Daily brand Flax oil (Omega 3 fatty acid)
Information of essential fatty acids:
Two polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that cannot be made in the body are linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid. They must be provided by diet and are known as essential fatty acids. Within the body both can be converted to other PUFAs such as arachidonic acid, or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
In the body PUFAs are important for
maintaining the membranes of all cells; for making prostaglandins which
regulate many body processes which include inflammation and blood
clotting. Another requirement for fat in the diet is to enable the
fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K to be absorbed from food; and for
regulating body cholesterol metabolism.
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids - Dietary Sources
Food sources of the two main dietary
polyunsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid) are
Linoleic Acid (Omega 6 family)
Oils made from:
Alpha-Linolenic Acid (Omega 3 family)(Please note - fish is not the only source of omega 3 acids. Flaxseed oil contains twice as much as is found in fish oil!).
Oils made from:
EPA's and DHA's
Alpha-linolenic Acid is converted in
the body to EPA (eiocosapentaenoic acid) usually found in marine oil and
DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) usually found in marine fish oil. Many factors
affect the rate of conversion and one factor seems to be a high food
intake of linoleic acid which is typical of vegan diets and may suppress
the body's ability to convert alpha-linolenic acid to DHA. Vegans can
achieve a better balance of PUFAs in their body tissues by using less
sunflower, safflower and corn oils and more oils containing alpha-linoleic
acid such as rapeseed (canola) oil, or soya bean and walnut oils. This
would encourage their tissues to make more DHA.
Numerous expert committees have recommended a reduced consumption of total fat by the general population. Only vegan diets generally comply with current guidelines that fat should not contribute more than 35% of the total energy intake of adults and older children.
Saturated fats contribute to high levels of cholesterol in the blood, a risk factor for atherosclerosis and heart disease, while polyunsaturated fats (PUFAs) have the opposite effect. Vegan diets, containing no meat and dairy fats, are low in saturated fatty acids and high in beneficial PUFAs. Vegans consume considerably more of the essential PUFA linoleic acid than do omnivores, and approximately similar levels of the other essential PUFA, alpha-linolenic acid.
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), two non-essential PUFAs, do not occur in vegan diets. The human body can convert alpha-linolenic acid into EPA and DHA but, even so some of the body tissues of vegans contain less DHA and EPA than those of other dietary groups. The consequences of this difference, if any, are not known.
Similarly, breast milks of vegans,
vegetarians and omnivores contain differing proportions of various
polyunsaturated fatty acids, and these differences are reflected in some
body tissues of infants. It is not yet known what, if any, effect these
variations may have on the growth and development of infants.
|Privacy Statement||Site Map||© Copyright 2006 NutriScience Research.|